Communication in science
Health Services - Research methods.
Medical care - Research - Methodology
Medicine Research -Statistical methods
Nursing - Research methods
Nursing - Research - Methodology
Science - Methodology
Science - Philosophy
Social service - Research - Methodology
Collaboration research (multiple authors)
Findings must be verifiable
Preference for current information over cumulative
Preference for data over texts
Preference for articles and conference papers over books
Increasing reliance upon the Internet for dissemination of knowledge.
May include human and animal experimentation
Enormous number of publishing sources
Heavy reliance on peer review and/or trust in the authors, academies, and publishers
Currency paramount. Pre-publishing common.
Sophisticated technology available to find and analysis knowledge
Significant specialization of research methods, tools, and dissemination of knowledge within individual disciplines.
Significant reliance upon experts in the field during the research process.
Knowledge of government documents and data.
Knowledge of 'gray literature'.
Knowledge of non-literature databases.