From "recercher" (Old French), meaning "to search closely."
Advanced research differs from beginning research in several important ways. It is more..
and it uses more specialized research tools and techniques.
Advanced research is done differently in different disciplines. but there are similarities within these broad categories.
Note: Fine Arts are often included in the Humanities. Other disciplines may also be categorized differently.
Argumentative - Here the researcher takes a stance on a topic such as abortion, gun control, or minimum wage laws, sometimes through a thesis statement, and then presents her or his argument.
Analytical - Here the researcher examines a topic from a neutral point of view.
Beginners vs. Advanced
|Lots of secondary sources.||Lots of primary sources.|
|Equate "research" with the literary review.||Begins with the literature review.|
|A research paper is closed ended.||A research paper is the beginning.|
|Read a text once.||Re-read texts for additional insights.|
|Research papers are something to be finished.||Research papers are finished only due to time restraints.|
|Deadline-driven behavior.||Knowledge-seeking behavior.|
|Settles for minimum number of sources.||Constantly seeking additional sources.|
|No personal library.||Large personal library.|
|Possesses a beginner's understanding of the discipline.||Possesses an advanced understanding of the discipline and how the parts relate to each other and the whole.|
|Unfamiliarity with the research tools of the discipline.||Familiarity with the research tools of the discipline.|
|Unfamiliarity with the research techniques of the discipline.||Familiarity with the research techniques of the discipline.|